Feb 6, 2013

Recognising and Managing Depression

Depression may be described as feeling sad, blue, unhappy, miserable, or down in the dumps. Most of us feel this way at one time or another for short periods.
True clinical depression is a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for weeks or longer. 

Probable causes of depression


 For depression, the exact cause  is not known yet.Researchers believe it is caused by chemical changes in the brain. This may be due to gene mutation, it could also be triggered by stress.


Some probable causes of depression include:
  •     Medications and substances:Alcohol and Drug abuse are some of the likely causes of depression      in people
  •     Medical conditions: Health conditions such as  under active thyroid, cancer, or long-term pain              increases risk of depression.
  •    Medications: Certain medications such as steroids can result in depression as side effect.
  •    Rest: Lack Of adequate rest or Sleeping problems can result in depression
  •    Traumatic events such as:

  •             Breaking up with a boyfriend or girlfriend
  •             Failing a class
  •             Death or illness of someone close to you
  •             Divorce
  •             Childhood abuse or neglect
  •             Job loss
  •             Social isolation (common in the elderly)

Symptoms


Depression can change or distort the way you see yourself, your life, and those around you.People who 
have depression usually see everything with a more negative attitude. They cannot imagine that any problem or situation can be solved in a positive way.

Symptoms of depression can include:


  •     Agitation, restlessness, and irritability
  •     Becoming withdrawn or isolated
  •     Difficulty concentrating
  •     Dramatic change in appetite, often with weight gain or loss
  •     Fatigue and lack of energy
  •     Feelings of hopelessness and helplessness
  •     Feelings of worthlessness, self-hate, and guilt
  •     Loss of interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed
  •     Thoughts of death or suicide
  •     Trouble sleeping or too much sleeping

Depression can appear as anger and discouragement, rather than feelings of sadness.


If depression is very severe, there may also be psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions.

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